Protestants and religious minorities small enough to gather in homes fear they will be most affected.
Last month, “the local police officer came to a home where a group of Pentecostals meet each Sunday," Konstantin Bendas, deputy bishop of the Pentecostal Union, told Forum 18.
“The Russian Orthodox church is part of a bulwark of Russian nationalism stirred up by Vladimir Putin,” David Aikman, history professor and foreign affairs expert, told CT.
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He said the teachings from other churches are different from the ones they have and so they try to protect their members from being affected.
He took the case of heaven and earth teaching as an example "For instance, there is nothing like hell fire as propagated in many churches.
Some members of Jehovah's Witness have come out to condemn their church's stance against them marrying outside their faith.
According to Jehovah's Witness' doctrine, members of the church are to only marry themselves and not from any other Christian faith. And people who marry outside the church are usually expelled from the church and treated as non-members.
Because it defines missionary activities as religious practices to spread a faith beyond its members, “if that is interpreted as the Moscow Patriarchate is likely to, it will mean the Orthodox Church can go after ethnic Russians but that no other church will be allowed to,” according to Frank Goble, an expert on religious and ethnic issues in the region.
Russian nationalist identity remains tied up with the Russian Orthodox church.
Hell fire was mentioned just as an illustration by Jesus Christ when He was saying the parable of Lazarus and the rich man in the Bible.
If a member marries such a person who believes in such doctrines which is against the teaching of the Witness, it will definitely affect his or her faith.” he said.
The proposed laws, considered the country’s most restrictive measures in post-Soviet history, place broad limitations on missionary work, including preaching, teaching, and engaging in any activity designed to recruit people into a religious group.